Helminth infestation causes different symptoms in adults, depending on the class in which the parasite entered the body and where it wants to settle.
Varieties and manifestations
The parasites that can live in the human body are classified into worms (called nematodes) and worms (worms and worms).
There is another classification:
- Contact helminths.These include pinworms that cause enterrebiosis and dwarf tapeworms, which become causative agents of himenolepiasis. Infection by these parasites occurs, as is clear from the group's name, contact with personal belongings, dishes, living with infected people. The characteristic symptoms of infection by these worms are itching in the anus and perineum, which intensifies at night; if it enters the vagina, it can cause all kinds of diseases in the female genital region; abdominal pain, indigestion.
- Geohelminthslive in the soil. They reach the owner through the oral-fecal method through hands, vegetables, fruits and other fruits that are not washed or badly treated, when they bathe in fresh water bodies and drink water from them, through dishes washed with contaminated water. The most common biohelminths are roundworms, whipworms, hookworms and nekators. They cause skin rashes in the form of hives or allergic skin rashes, which are manifested by abdominal pain and pain and fits of nausea, decreased appetite or total absence. The liver is affected by parasites and its functioning is interrupted. With multiple infections by geohelminths, an increased amount of eosinophils is diagnosed in the blood. There have been cases in which, due to the accumulation of parasites, obstruction and even rupture of the intestines occurs, which leads to peritonitis.
- Biohelminthsreach humans through intermediate parasite carriers. This class of helminths includes worms - pig and bovine, nematodes, trematodes, cestodes. They reach humans through undercooked meat and fish, lightly salted caviar and lightly salted fish of various breeds that prefer to live in freshwater reservoirs. The invasion with biohelminths is characterized by constipation alternating with diarrhea, while in the feces you can see fragment-segments (strobilas) of such parasites; there are pains in the abdomen, weight loss, manifestations of anemia, which occur because the parasites absorb most of the vitamins, proteins and iron that the person needs.
Important!Helminthic invasion in adults also has general symptoms: skin rashes, swelling and swollen lymph nodes, weakness, fatigue, pain in the joints, muscles and abdomen, disorder of the stool and presence of blood, pallor of the skin.
If there are symptoms of helminthic invasion in adults and proper treatment is not carried out, serious damage to the body can occur, such as allergic myocarditis, meningoencephalitis, hepatitis and other pathologies of the liver and gallbladder, pneumonia, nervous system injuries, pancreatitisand many others.
As soon as the slightest suspicion and symptoms of worm infection appear, you should see a doctor. He will prescribe certain types of tests and, based on his results, he will prescribe treatment. First, an analysis is prescribed for worm eggs. For this, a small amount of fresh feces (about a teaspoon) is donated for research in a laboratory. The stool collection container must be made of plastic or glass, with a tightly closed lid.
Important!The longer the time from spontaneous defecation to analysis, the less accurate it will be. To obtain a complete picture, this analysis is submitted several times at intervals of 3-4 days.
Scraping the anal area is considered an equally effective analysis. Blood and urine tests are also done. According to its indicators, the presence of certain parasites can also be assumed. Additional tests for sputum, bile, rectal mucus, ultrasound and tomography, endoscopy and endobiopsy may also be prescribed.
Worm infestation treatment
Having identified helminth infestations, the doctor prescribes treatment. The drugs used for this are prescribed depending on the diagnosis.
Important!It turns out that any of the drugs causes individual intolerance and causes side effects. In that case, the attending physician will adjust the treatment.
For the treatment of helminthic invasions, there are many popular means, tested for centuries. Among them are pumpkin seeds, decoctions and herbal infusions like wormwood and tansy, milk-infused garlic, walnut membranes, cinnamon cloves and spices, corn silk.
There are even recipes that use foods from the daily diet, such as sauerkraut or radish, carrots or white beans.
The prevention of helminthic invasions should not be a single action, but constant measures. After all, everyone knows that it is easier to prevent a disease than to cure it later. The simplest preventive measure is to keep it clean! Wash your hands after visiting crowded and transport places, using the bathroom and handling money, petting your pet and digging in the garden.
Get in the habit of washing yourself well under running water, then pour boiling water over fruits, vegetables and other fruits that are served raw. Do not drink water from reservoirs and natural sources (springs, springs) without boiling. Do not use it for drinking, washing dishes and food.
Meat and fish lovers need to be careful not to interrupt the technology and cooking time. A shish kebab or steak with blood is, of course, very tasty, but full of helminth infestation that causes very unpleasant symptoms in adults.