Parasites in humans-a phenomenon unpleasant and at least once in life each of us are faced with this disease. This article focuses on the most common parasite in the body, their symptoms and methods of struggle with them.
The most common in our digestive tract are tapeworms and round worms, pinworms, ascarids. We also attack protozoa, or Giardia. Hard to believe, but parasitic diseases are among the most popular in the world. Only one in 10 people avoid parasitism during the whole life. About 300 species of worms can live in the human body.
Contrary to popular belief, they can be found not only in the intestine. Worms located in the lungs, liver, brain, muscles, joints and skin. They cause allergies, headaches, sleep problems and weight.
Therefore, experts in the field of alternative medicine, before starting any treatment, first recommend deworming the body.
Parasites in humans their symptoms:
- itching in the anus;
- pain in the abdomen;
- the diarrhea is replaced by frequent constipation;
- unpleasant smell from the mouth;
- nausea and vomiting;
- constant cough that is not amenable to conventional treatment;
- allergic reactions (appearance of spots on the skin, other rashes);
- feeling agitatione under the skin;
- muscle pain;
- an abundant mucous stool.
If You find yourself which has any of these symptoms, You should immediately contact a doctor!
Basic and common types of parasites in humans
Small round worms. Their size ranges from 3 to 10 cm Inherent sign of infection is considered the strongest
itching in the anus. Quite often while combing the eggs of the parasites fall under the nails. There is the possibility of infection through shaking hands.
To counter the use of anthelmintic drugs, for example, Pyrantel, Dekaris, Vermis, Vermoxum, Piperazine, Nematol. The dose and duration of therapy the doctor chooses.
De toxocariasis is considered one of the most dangerous parasitic diseases. The larvae that cause the disease are located not only in the digestive tract, but also in a variety of organs, these as the eyes or the brain. After receipt of the eggs in the gastrointestinal tract of them hatch into larvae, which are initially attached to the walls of the small intestine and then migrate from the blood to the liver. Most of them remain in this body. However, some larvae emerge from the liver and continue their migration into the lungs, the Central nervous system ( brain , spinal cord, or cerebellum), the lower part of the eye, myocardium, or muscle.
For the treatment of toxocariasis De used anthelmintic tablets Mebendazole and Albendazole.
Ascaris is a round worm that lives in the narrow tract. Ascariasis is a disease of unclean hands, lotis vegetables and fruits. Eggs worms live in the soil, then transferred to the food. Most often small and male inhabitants of rural areas.
A clear symptom of ascariasis are considered to be an allergic skin rash.
Patients are prescribed depending on the stage of the disease drugs such as Piperazine, Tiabendazol, Levamisole, Pyrantel, Dekaris, Mebendazole.
Ancylostoma is a human parasite from the family of nematodes.You can become infected by eating lotis fruits and vegetables or even when walking barefoot on the earth. In Russia the probability of catching this parasite is small, but the chances of meeting him increase rapidly in warm and wet climates of the Mediterranean and South Asia. Be careful at the resorts, walking in boots, especially if you have damaged or scratched the skin on the hands and feet. Symptoms can be diarrhea, skin rash, vomiting, swelling of the face and extremities.
Treatment is reduced to the reception of the anthelmintic drugs Pyrantel, Vermoxum, Levamisole.
Giardia — protozoan parasite egotistic. He lives and multiplies in the intestine, causing infection of the small intestine known as giardiasis. If it is in the human gut, it causes inflammation and other damage, reducing the ability of the bowel to absorb food, causing diarrhea.
The parasite is very resistant to water treatment and is known to exist in drinking water.
Symptoms: diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, weight loss, a characteristic rash
Treatment with Antiprotozoal drugs Tinidazole, Metronidazole
Infection wide intecom called Difillobotrios. The primary method of human infection is fish. In Russia, individuals of a wide lentetsa live in the basins of Siberian rivers and lakes.
A tapeworm has a length of up to 10 meters and sometimes even more. The parasite attaches itself to the mucosa of the small intestine and the body with the suction cups located on its head.
To treat a wide lentetsa most often prescribe a course Biltricid. The drug completely paralyzes the worm and it is excreted in a natural way.
Cysticercosis is a disease caused by larvae of the pork tapeworm. Infection occurs through the consumption of raw or undercooked pork that contains the larvae of these worms.
Symptoms: seizures , visual disturbances, mental disorders, weight loss, muscle pain.
For treatment the patient returned to the hospital. Prescribed antihelminthic drugs (Praziquantel, Niclosamide). De for the treatment of cysticercosis eyes and brain surgical intervention is necessary.
Beef tapeworm — band parasite that enters the human body through contaminated beef. Reaches 12 meters in length. Able to live in its host for decades. The disease takes a chronic condition called vulputate infectio tapeworm (Taeniarhynchus). The disease manifests itself in the form of allergic reactions on the type of urticaria or lichen, but much less pronounced. Can also be abdominal pain, loose stools during the release of parasite larvae to the outside.
The doctor often prescribes Fenasala or Biltricid. The worm dies and comes out of a person naturally. During treatment, in parallel put a cleansing enema.
The species Trichinella
The species Trichinella is one of the most deadly parasitic diseases. Roundworms in the larval stage live in the muscles of wild animals such as bears, boars, moose. Especially susceptible to this disease hunters.
Even after careful heat treatment the parasite does not die until the end. Smoking and salting of meat is also not capable of ad decontaminate the product. The only sure way to avoid infection with trichinellae is to buy meat only from trusted sellers.
Symptoms: diarrhea, loss of appetite, muscle pain, swelling, skin rashes. High temperature up to 40 degrees.
The treatment is very difficult and requires immediate medical intervention and hospital stay. Doctors prescribe Mintezol, Albendazole and a range of other antihistamine compounds.
Attention! If You have a suspicion of Trichinosis, you should immediately consult a doctor.
What tests need to pass to determine the parasite
There are many ways to determine the presence of parasites in the human body. The oldest method is duodenalnoe sensing. The patient is injected with a rubber probe with a length of 1.5 meter in the mouth and pushed up to the duodenum. The next common method of detection parasitica infection is to check the chair. Unfortunately, this method is designed only for 12-20% efficiency.
Listed below are the modern methods of diagnosis
- Blood tests
- A test of bioresonance
- Ultrasound of internal organs
- Computed tomography
- DNA analysis of the parasite
How to avoid infestation. Prevention
Follow the basic rules of prevention and You will avoid many problems with parasites:
- Wash your hands above the elbows
- Do not touch stray animals
- After playing in the sandbox be sure to wash the child's hands, make sure that it is not papaver in her mouth fingers and toys off the street
- Regularly wash the house using a special antibacterial agents
- Fruits and vegetables treat with boiling water
- Meat prevaricate very carefully
- Don't drink untreated water. Boil
- Conduct anti-parasitica brushing your pet every six months at the vet
Hope our article was useful for You. Be healthy!