According to official data, every year a lot of people infected with helminths. The problem is that the infested are not always able to recognize signs of helminthiasis. Parasites in the human body for a long time not to give yourself clinical manifestations. Some types of invasions, a collection of symptoms masquerading as intestinal disorders, allergies, liver disease, nervous system and other pathologies.
Symptoms of parasites in humans
Onset of the disease is characterized by an acute phase. It was during this period of illness are manifested most clearly. What specifically will experience sensations infected depends on the type of pathogen. The sudden appearance of previously absent symptoms, such as intestinal disorders, allergic reactions, swelling of the skin, abdominal pain and fever should prompt experiencing ailments to consult a specialist.
The severity of the manifestations depends on the reaction of the body.
Neglected at the stage of infestation infestation becomes chronic.
There are already clinical signs of parasites will be formed depending on which organ systems are involved in the pathological process.
This type of pathogen is parasitic only in humans. Pinworm inhabits the lower small intestine and the upper section of the large intestine. Propagated within the host organism. The eggs are laid outside in the folds of the skin near the anus. In the intestine enters through the mouth. The main factor of infection is unwashed hands.
Disease associated with this pathogen, called enterobiasis. The main and sometimes the only sign of infection is itching in the anal region which occurs mainly at night and spontaneously disappears after 2-3 days.
The presence of a symptom indicates the end of the life cycle of the parasite. Female dilata eggs dies, and infective larvae spread through the linen and bedding of the patient. In the absence of preventive measures: frequent changes of underwear, wearing tight-fitting panties, hand wash immediately before eating, washing and ironings all the clothes at maximum capacity, thorough cleaning, the patient may infect other people, and himself. And then the main symptom of enterobiasis will come back in 2-3 weeks.
In children the acute phase are more pronounced and is accompanied by loss of appetite, abdominal pain, often with headaches, fatigue, increased nervous irritability, sleep disturbance. The disease may be complicated by dermatitis, proctitis, enteritis, vulvitis, inflammation of the peritoneum.
The worm affects the small intestine, causing the disease ascariasis. The acute phase of infection proceeds in two phases. The first is the pulmonary stage, and the second intestinal.
At the initial stage, the patient feels itching in the nose. The distribution of larvae is accompanied by a cough with yellow sputum, sneezing, allergic reactions, fever.
In the stage of intestinal injury are pain in the umbilical region, nausea, salivation, lethargy, drowsiness, loss of appetite. Parasitic mass is able to block the intestinal lumen. Ascaris, repere in the bile ducts that causes the development of purulent inflammation. Violation of patency of the hepatic channels leads to acute hepatitis, inflammation of the peritoneum — peritonitis.
The causative agent is a parasite in the large intestine of man. Whipworm eggs excreted with the feces of the patient and ripen in the warm soil. If you violate the rules of hygiene invasive particle enters the oral cavity to the future owner.
Trichocephalosis the disease is often asymptomatic. In a weakened body it can manifest itself in intestinal disorders, loose stools mixed with blood, weight loss, nausea. In rare cases, the complication becomes trichuriasis rectal prolapse.
The disease opisthorchiasis develops as a result of consumption of raw or insufficiently cooked fish. The causative agent is flat worms cat and Siberian Fluke. Due to the activities of the helminth affects the biliary and hepatic ducts, liver, pancreas.
The parasite as its suctu apparatus mechanically disrupts the integrity of the shells of the bodies. The accumulation of worms obstructs the outflow of fluid. The vital functions of the worm is accompanied by the release of toxins. The acute phase is characteristic of allergic manifestations in the form of distribution of body rashes of different nature.
Vivid symptoms of infection typical for the first of those who fell ill. In patients with chronic opisthorchiasis disguised as diseases of the liver and pancreas.
For the acute phase is characterized by a sharp beginning. A sudden rise of temperature, redness of the face, lesion of the skin. The patient feels weakness, fatigue. The most rapid reactions are muscle and joint pain, symptoms of poisoning, fever.
Pork and beef tapeworm
With the defeat of the pork tapeworm develops the disease taeniasis. The parasite penetrates the host organism together with poor quality meat. Proper heat treatment can destroy the cysts of helminths.
Pork tapeworm lives in the upper part of the small intestine. Shell damage the mucosa by hooks and retaining apparatus. As a result of constant irritation of the walls of the intestine the patient develops digestive disorders. taeniasis peculiar nausea, vomiting, frequent diarrhea, weight loss, headaches, high fatigue. Changes in the blood are recorded rarely.
Complication of the disease may be cysticercosis — larval form of autoinfection worm. Cysticerci embedded in various organs and tissues. More than 60% affect the brain. At the same time develop all the symptoms of hydrocephalus, and encephalopathy. For patients characterized by seizures, severe headaches, vomiting, mental disorder, hallucinations.
Beef tapeworm gets the host via not parboiled, dried, salted meat. A tapeworm living in the small intestine, oscillates. Injure the intestinal wall, causing sudden severe pain. The disease is called teniidoz.
The worm has a large area of absorption of nutrients. The adult eats the host, causing constant hunger. In case of lack of useful elements of developing lack of vitamins and minerals.
Infected people emit into the environment of segments of the parasite. Small composite particles containing thousands of eggs that are capable of independent movement. The majority of patients complains of crawling sensation in the anus.
This type of parasite gets into the intestines with the meat of a sick animal. People after infection feeling nausea, heartburn, abdominal pain. When trichinosis broken chair.
Toxins worm cause a backlash in the form of facial swelling, headaches, paroxysmal cough, chills, muscle aches. The symptoms are able to manifest themselves for several years.
There are cases when the parasite is infiltrating the muscular tissue, begins to find a new place localization. Trichinella is able to reach the brain, heart, eyes and other organs. Acute Central nervous system damage can lead to death.
Affections of the eye accompanied by swelling, pain, bleeding in the organs of vision.
Echinococcus is a tapeworm that affects a person with their larvae. Lives in the body of domestic animals and wild mammals. Excreted in the feces of the host. Close contact with a pet contributes to the entry of the pathogen in the mouth.
In the human body, the parasite developed to a Mature state. The larvae affect any organs and tissues, gathering anorum, forming a capsule around which the inflamed tissue and soften. Rupture of the cyst is accompanied by severe pain.
Echinococcosis can long time not manifest itself. With a significant development of human diseases are manifested increasing signs of defeat of a particular organ.
The pathogen lives in the water and the venous blood of mammals. Gets to the man through the mouth, mucous membranes, skin. Causing the disease schistosomiasis, which is characterized at the initial stage of dermatitis, rash, fever, intoxication, lesions of the bowel, urinary tract and reproductive organs.
How to get rid of parasites
For a full treatment you must undergo a appropriate diagnosis. How to get rid of parasites in the body the doctor advises, issuing an anthelmintic drug. The active substance must match the type of the pathogen. For high performance it is very important to adhere to proper treatment regimens.
Cleansing the body of parasites takes place in several stages. As a subsidiary means for the patient prescribed substances-sorbents that reduce toxicity. When pronounced allergic manifestations shown steroid drugs that prevent the release of histamine in the blood. As a supporting feature can be assigned to probiotics, which help you debug your digestion, raise immunity.
The incidence of larvae with cyst requires surgery. This way removes subcutaneous migratory parasites.
Drug treatment human worms and parasites
Any anthelmintic drugs have toxic properties and should be taken strictly with doctor's prescription.
Treatment of parasites involves the administration of drugs on the basis of:
- Pyrantel pamoate.
Mebendazole is used persons older than 3 years. The essential three-day course oral dose of 100 mg. Adults and children undergo the same treatment. Contraindications: hypersensitivity to any component, inflammatory bowel diseases.
Albendazole is also indicated for patients from the age of two. Treatment is a single dose in the amount of 400 mg Albendazole is contraindicated in the case of destruction of the retina.
Pyrantel pamoat applied to children from 6 months. Shown adults. Applied once at the rate of 10 mg/kg Contraindications hypersensitivity acts.
The detection of the pathogen is prescribed Levamisole. The drug of parasites contraindicated to 3 years.
- with 3 to 6 years are shown 25-50 mg of Levamisole;
- with 6 to 10 years — 50-75 mg;
- from 10 to 14 — 75-100 mg;
- adults — 150 mg.
The calculated dose is taken once. Recommended use — evening. To reduce the likelihood of side effects medicine to drink after a meal. The drug is contraindicated in patients with insufficient liver function and bone marrow hematopoiesis.
In the treatment of trichinosis the first choice is Albendazole. Preparations on its basis is one 400 mg Dose can be divided into two doses, drink 200 mg in the morning and evening. The treatment lasts one day.
Specific treatment against opisthorchiasis Praziquantel is carried out. Appoint persons older than 4 years 60-75 mg/kg body weight in three divided doses. The course lasts for one day. The drug is taken with an interval of 4-5 hours with a meal (Breakfast, lunch and dinner).
The drug has contraindications: hypersensitivity, liver disease, cysticercosis.
Pork and beef tapeworm
Of intestinal forms of cestodosis of fish is carried out the single administration of Praziquantel at a dose of 20 mg/kg Means you need to drink during the meal, preferably shortly before bedtime. After 10 days, shows the repetition of the treatment.
For the treatment of trichinosis Mebendazole is used and Albendazole. The first is assigned by 100-200 mg every 8 hours for 7-10 days. Second take at the rate of 10 mg/kg per day. Dose divided into three doses. Treatment is indicated for 1-2 weeks.
When echinococcosis Mebendazole effective. In the first three days of taking 500 mg every 12 hours. The following three days the dose keep, the interval reduced to 8 hours. In the following days, the estimated dosage — 25 mg/kg per day, divided into 3-4 reception. The course of treatment lasts up to 2 years.
The children of such a scheme is not assigned.
Schistosomiasis treated with Praziquantel in a single day. You need to measure out a dose of 40-60 mg/kg and divided into 2-3 doses.
Given the treatment regimens that do not specify any exceptions that apply to both children and adults.
Absolutely all anthelmintic drugs are contraindicated in pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Folk remedy for parasites
Folk remedy for parasites in the body restoring order to its mild effect, significantly improve digestion, raise immune status.
- Pumpkin seeds — an effective remedy for bowel cleansing. You must not take fried seeds in a quantity of 300 grams. For children the dose reduced by half. Crushed product. To eat gruel in the morning on an empty stomach, not getting out of bed. Three hours after treatment do not eat or drink.
- Wormwood exhibits choleretic properties, is therefore well suited for getting rid of liver parasites. For the preparation of anthelmintic decoction should pour a teaspoon of a dry grass Cup of boiling water. Steamed in a water bath for 5 minutes. Infuse for half an hour. Drink a third Cup for 40 minutes before Breakfast, lunch and dinner. The maximum course length is 2 weeks.
- Tansy in large doses can cause intoxication. Recommended single prepare the infusion rate of 2 tablespoons of raw materials to 1 liter of boiling water. Infuse for an hour. Drink half a Cup before meals, just a day three times.
- Clove buds brewed with boiling water. 6 dry inflorescences is taken 300 ml of water. The infusion is divided into three parts. Taken half an hour before meals. Treatment for up to 10 days.