Parasites can get into human body and to live where you want – in the internal organs, muscles, skin. Very common are parasites that are embedded under the skin. What diseases cause subcutaneous parasites in man, what complications they may cause and how to get rid of them – try to understand.
The invisible enemy
Parasites affecting the skin, quite a lot. They can be on the skin and subcutaneous. The first is the usual lice, bedbugs, fleas. But the parasites that live on the skin do not cause disease and just feed on human blood.
Much more unpleasant and dangerous than those parasites that are embedded in the thickness of the skin. They not only eat it but also use it to posterity. To get rid of them much harder than skin.
These creatures that live under the skin, lead to the development of parasitic dermatoses.
- helminthic infection;
Some protozoa, such as Trichomonas may also cause skin lesions. To treat these medicine has long and hard - the main problem here is to make a correct diagnosis. And often diagnosis is difficult because symptoms of disease may resemble lesions of the internal organs or an allergic reaction.
Helminthiasis - nasty Cyclops
The bot is called subcutaneous round worms, which in adulthood can scare with his size. Females of Dracunculus medinensis in adulthood grow to 32-120 cm
Besides humans, they can parasitize in dogs and cats. In Eurasia helminths found in Central Asia. But most often it is typical for countries with a tropical climate. There tourists and become infected.
They get into the body together with the raw water. After 1-2 weeks the larvae move through the body and after 48 days get into the subcutaneous region. The full development of individuals occurs through the year. Most often these parasites settle in the legs.
As a result of the activity of the larvae on the skin forms first swollen cushion in the form of a cord, and then the bladder, which can grow up to 7 cm may burst if you touch water, and then there are new larvae.
Complications of the disease are:
- the development of contracture (immobility) of the joints;
- inflammation of the joints;
- blood poisoning - sepsis.
Due to the spread of infection in the skin may form abscesses and cellulitis, which can easily lead to a General blood poisoning.
Treatment:to get rid of Guinea worm, need to remove the parasite from the tissues of the skin. While it can remove several of the techniques if the length is very large. The main thing - not to break the parasite.
How to avoid:do not drink from open sources of water and to avoid swimming in reservoirs.
Evil thread: time bomb
Very unpleasant are considered parasites living under the skin of a human, able to live not only under the skin but also the eyes. This so-called evil thread, where females reach a length of 15-30 cm and the male 5-10.
Infection occurs by means of mosquitoes. The fact that the carriers of parasites are dogs and cats, and carriers - mosquitoes that are biting dogs that carry the larvae from them to man. The full development is already happening under the skin, which lasts a very long incubation period can last for several years.
Such larvae located under the skin. But sometimes they can live in the eyes, leading to visual impairment and even blindness. It is believed that 1/6 of all cases of removal of eyeball have to defeat this parasite. Under the skin, because of the introduction of the larvae seal is formed, which gradually grows and can be the size of the eggs. The seal is red and itchy. It is a coiled larva.
Treatment:the abscess is opened surgically.
How to avoid:you need to use repellents.
Itch mite: well forgotten old
The itch mite causes scabies - a disease, familiar even 50 years ago.
Mite Sarcoptes Scabiei the microscopic size of 0.3 - 0.4 mm settles in the deeper layers of the skin. He begins to guzzle it moves, causing the most intolerable itching.
The top layer of skin he didn't like due to the fact that it is too dense and hard. The mite feeds on human epithelium and lay her eggs. During its two-month life the female lays dozens of eggs.
Favorite places defeat these subcutaneous parasites of the hands, soles of the feet, buttocks and locations of the bends, lateral thighs, Breasts, armpits, genitals. In children often the mite resides in the hair.
Define scabies easy: skin visible itch moves in the form of lines (they are well detected after treatment with iodine solution) are itching and scabs on the ground, scratching, bubbles-papules, pustules, particularly in the area of the elbows. Itching is worse at night. Complications of scabies is the appearance of boils, dermatitis, eczema, impetigo (blisters). Aggravation be in the autumn months.
Infection occurs by direct contact, sharing of personal hygiene items, over the clothes.
Treatment:to get rid of scabies you can use sulfur ointment that you want to use during the week. Good results are obtained by using the sulfur soap and the hydrochloric acid solution. This procedure is repeated every three days. To cleanse the skin, make soap-soda baths, use salicylic ointment.
Antibiotics are used only in the case of extensive lesions and infections of the skin.
It is important to conduct a complete disinfection is to boil all the linen and clothes. Then everything must be ironed on both sides.
How to avoid:Observe the rules of hygiene, wash hands regularly and avoid contact with infected.
Filariasis: South guest
These parasites under the human skin - threadlike nematodes - common in Africa, Asia, and South America. You can become infected after the bite of blood-sucking insects. Disease develops for a long time (7 years).
First, perhaps the appearance of urticaria and fever, which almost never pay attention. After a few years found skin lesions - eczema, sores, papules, warts, rashes, knots. If you experience drowsiness, malaise, fever, headache, diagnosis easier.
Complications of the disease can be arthritis, vision problems (including glaucoma and cataracts).
How to avoid:to protect themselves from insect bites.
Schistosomiasis: the skin under threat
Schistosomiasis cause worms that live in the water. It can be transmitted by bathing in rivers and lakes mainly Asia and Africa.
Urinary schistosomiasis affects the skin and genitourinary organs. The main manifestation -dermatitis, itching, rash. The schistosomiasis can show the night sweating and increase in size of the liver, signs of kidney damage.
Treatment:successfully applied preparations of antimony.
How to avoid:should not swim in stagnant ponds in tropical countries and drink plain water.
Cysticercosis: pork apni
Cysticercosis is caused by worms - larvae of the pork tapeworm. These skin parasites in humans develop as a result of falling of parts of the tapeworm in food or water.
They may live in different parts of the body - in the brain, eyes, internal organs, muscles and skin.
Under the skin live parasites evolve over the years. Their presence can indicate painless swellings and tumors, which are made years thick.
The place of their localization - the area of shoulders, chest, and palms. Sometimes develop hives.
Treatment: surgical removal and the use of agents against parasites.
How to avoid:don't eat raw meat, do not swim in polluted waters, to observe the rules of hygiene.
Subcutaneous parasites can deliver a lot of trouble and cause serious complications dangerous to health. It is therefore very important to diagnose the disease and begin its treatment.