The most common types of parasites of the human body

People are surrounded by a large number of parasitic microorganisms. Parasites are creatures living at the expense of its host. In a short period of time the parasites in the human body can completely destroy all vital processes. Such microorganisms can also parasitize on animals and other fauna. The pest control should begin immediately. In another case, the infection can lead to death. All parasitic organisms adversely affect the body. Parasites can destroy internal organs and interfere with their normal operation. As a rule, infectious diseases are accompanied by severe symptoms. However, in some cases it may be absent. Find out what are the parasites in the human body and how to deal with them.

worms in the body

And parasites causes infection

Internal parasites – a lower species of flora or fauna, whose life takes place inside the body of the carrier. They can also live outside. A parasitic organism feeds at the expense of his master. To fight them use different drugs. Sometimes they are ineffective. Then a course of therapy is repeated several times.

Human parasites include various types. Living in a human body parasitic organisms can not exercise for a long period of time. Such forms of diseases are the most dangerous. People who are carriers of the infection, quite a lot. That is why it is always important to comply with preventive measures.

Almost all parasitic organisms have a long life cycle, which they change several owners.

Experts distinguish two types of parasites depending on the residence:

  • internal – these include, for example, worms;
  • external – these include various insects, such as mosquitoes and ticks.

Usually parasitic microorganisms enter the body through the mouth. This contamination can occur in the use of dirty and substandard products, and when eating with unwashed hands. Infection can occur through direct contact of a healthy person with sick people or animals. Infection also often occurs through the soil. People become infected when working with the soil in which earlier hit the parasites with fecal the patient.

Inside the human parasitic organisms move around the body and choose the most convenient place. They can live in various vital internal organs, destroying their structure. They can hide inside various other infections. Drugs for the treatment of the primary disease in this case, it will be ineffective.

Symptoms

Various bacteria and worms can parasitize in the human body. Infectious disease often takes place without obvious signs. The only way to discover them is to take the feces for analysis. The doctor will tell, who settled in the body, and provide a list of drugs to get rid of them. Not every drug may suit a particular patient.

Parasites in the body, man can exist over a long period of time, unaware of the presence of the disease. This is due to a complete lack of symptoms in some patients. When parasites can experience a variety of signs of infection. Their expression is associated with individual characteristics.

weight loss is a symptom of parasites

The following table describes the symptoms of the most common parasites. The patient may present with one symptom or all. This is due to the protective functions of an patient.

Parasite Symptoms
Ascaris • changes in the characteristics of faecal waste (most often diarrhea);
• spasms in the area of the intestine;
• disorders in the Central nervous system;
• dizziness.
Pinworm • itchy sensation in the anal region of the sphincter;
• lack of appetite;
• bouts of aggression.
Specimen • intestinal discomfort;
• bloating;
• the presence of the parasite in fecal matter.

Often parasites that live and act in the human body, cause of constant fatigue and significant loss of strength. The patient may complain of insomnia and constant headaches. The patient can rapidly lose weight, there is a rash on the skin. It can be accompanied by itching and is located on different parts of the body.

A parasitic microorganism that lives in the body, significantly reduces the protective functions of the body. In this regard, the patient may be noticed the frequent occurrence of colds. Periodically may be unexplained fever.

It is worth noting that not all methods of pest control can suitable patients. All funds are toxic and can cause side effects.

Ancylostoma

Hookworms and Giardia

Hookworms and parasitic microorganisms. They enter the human body through contact with infected soil. Penetration occurs through the damaged skin. Appearance Hookworms has the following characteristics:

  • unsaturated pink color;
  • round shape;
  • parasites male reaches not more than 10 cm in length;
  • the females are larger. Their length can reach up to 15 cm.

In the front part of the parasite is a special suction Cup, which Ancylostoma attached to the walls of the intestine. Eggs microorganism are sufficiently large in size and translucent shell. Only in some cases Ancylostoma infection can occur after contact with animals. These parasitic organisms can live up to 8 years. Every day they delay more than 20 thousand eggs.

The incubation period for hookworm up to several months. After that, the patient develops pronounced symptoms. A person may experience:

  • severe itching;
  • body aches;
  • signs of strong intoxication;
  • gag reflex;
  • bloating.

Drug combating such worms can include different drugs. Their choice depends on the patient's age and neglect of the disease. To fight parasites in young children using Pyrantel. This tool is low in toxicity, and only by misuse could cause side effects.

Drugs, which are effective upon release from hookworm also include a Dekaris. Conducts therapy using it can both adults and children. Before use can be mixed with syrup.

Giardia – endoparasite, which is not uncommon for people. When such a parasitic microorganism, the patient complains:

  • fatigue;
  • loss of appetite;
  • insomnia;
  • flatulence;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • the increase in some internal organs.

Live in humans, Giardia can over a long period of time, does not manifesting itself. Distinguish the many different forms of giardiasis. Each of them disturbs the functioning of certain internal organs. These parasites live in the body long enough. During this period of time a person develops a chronic intoxication of the organism.

Toxocara

Toxocara and a tapeworm

Toxocara – the microorganism, the main carrier of which is the dog. The length of this parasite can range up to 25 cm. the Adults are actively breeding. Their eggs come out along with faeces of the dog. Dogs are encouraged to walk away from playgrounds and land for planting and harvesting. In another case, the parasite can enter the human body. In human body the organism develops, but does not emit eggs out.

The most dangerous are Toxocara, which affects the organs of vision. In this case, patients often remove the eyeballs. The patient has the following symptoms:

  • fever;
  • cough;
  • the increase in some internal organs;
  • rashes that are accompanied by itching sensations;
  • disorders of the Central nervous system.

A tapeworm is a large microorganism. Such parasites that live in humans, can reach a length of up to 10 meters. This endoparasite infection occurs by eating raw fish products. Patients in the presence of the broad tapeworm complain:

  • sharp pain in the abdomen;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • the change in the characteristics of bowel movements (diarrhea alternates with constipation).

Parasites (wide lentetsa) that live in the human body may not die for more than 20 years. For their long life cycle they significantly inhibit the health of the patient. Parasites pull all the useful components from the body. In fecal matter of a patient can be part endoparasite's. It obscures a large part of the intestine. As a result, the patient concerned about frequent constipation. Low-toxic substances are not suitable for the treatment of this helminthiasis. All drugs should be agreed with a specialist.

In the presence of fragments of the worm in the stool, you should immediately go to the hospital. Doctor to determine precisely what parasites are in the organism and prescribe all the necessary tools.

Echinococcus

Echinococcus

This endoparasite is almost always settles in the lungs or liver. Belong to the Echinococcus tapeworms. Such human helminths (parasites) have small enough size. They can reach a maximum length of 5 mm. the Main hosts are animals, such as:

  • Fox;
  • dogs;
  • wolves and other fauna.

Parasite eggs Mature in the environment. They can get through the mouth into the body an animal or human. Most often infection occurs when contact with a sick dog. The bot can also enter the human body after eating dirty foods that had contact with contaminated soil.

Echinococcus can infect various internal organs. The localization depends on the location of the larvae. Because of the implementation of the vital functions of the parasite in the body begin to appear tumors. In this period arise the first signs of helminthiasis. The patient can be seen:

  • soreness in region of stomach and liver;
  • Allergy symptoms;
  • the change in characteristics of the stool;
  • gag reflex;
  • malaise;
  • difficulty when breathing;
  • pain in the lungs.

Some symptoms may be missing. This is due to the localization of the microorganism.

Sometimes in the presence of tapeworm medicines can be ineffective. Endoparasites removed surgically. The patient may prescribe a course of medication.

Pork tapeworm

Pork tapeworm is one of the most common varieties of worms. The worm strikes the walls of the small intestine and substantially disrupts many vital processes.

pork tapeworm

Depending on individual characteristics, symptoms of infection may be more or less pronounced. The patient complains:

  • lack of appetite;
  • gag reflex;
  • dizziness;
  • elevated body temperature;
  • the weight loss that is not due to adverse factors;
  • nagging pains in the stomach;
  • possible itching of the anal sphincter;
  • consciousness state.

The worm can cause brain damage. In the absence of timely and proper treatment of helminthiasis can lead to death. Pork tapeworm can provoke hallucinations and unbearable headaches. In addition, the worm can penetrate into the organs of sight and hearing. The patient may complain of a full or partial loss of their working capacity.

All parasites dangerous to humans. Any parasitic microorganism that lives in the body, can result in serious complications. Diagnosis and treatment of the parasite should begin immediately. Self-treatment is strictly prohibited.