Worms, or helminths, are a common parasite among people of any age. Most often striking children pinworms, fishermen have observed difillobotrioz, hunting and trichinosis. Helminthiasis causes a variety of diseases in adult, child, Pets like cats.
Special danger represent worms due to the fact that they are acting covertly, and the symptoms are easy to confuse with gastrointestinal diseases and liver. For treatment or take medication of wide spectrum of action, or spot a tablet from worms to humans.
Symptoms of worms in adults
There are signs of worms:
- sudden weight loss;
- strong pale face;
- itching in the anus.
These symptoms are common to all cases of destruction of the body by helminths. Other symptoms an individual for a specific person, the parasite involved, the place of his stay. So, defeat worms in the gastrointestinal tract causing diarrhea, constipation, nausea and vomiting, acute abdominal pain, discomfort under the right rib, bloating. Symptoms from this set can be combined differently depending on the characteristics of the organism.
The allocation of the worms to toxic substances, and hormones leads to the fact that the human body is completely poisoned, which leads to disturbances in the Central nervous system. This manifests itself in headaches, dizziness, and nausea. These symptoms are often confused with migraine and take pain that relieves discomfort but does not affect their source.
Another noticeable symptom of the worms – skin problems, because of similar reactions to worms to allergens, such as wool cats. The skin becomes inflamed, itchy, covered in a rash, can occur cough or rhinitis. Influence the allocation of helminths and other skin lesions: the nails begin to stratify, her hair whipped and broken, cracked skin on the heels. Observed exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Symptoms of worms in children
Helminthiasis is a very dangerous disease in children, as it affects all organ systems, which can not influence the development of the body.
In addition, symptoms may not occur, which detect worms is possible only through targeted inspections. The signal may also be finding worms in your Pets, cats or dogs.
Common symptoms of child helminthiasis like symptoms in adults:
- increased appetite;
- increased salivation;
- weight loss;
- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and constipation, abdominal pain and liver area;
- allergic reactions up to anaphylactic shock;
- pain in the head;
- skin problems;
- inflammation of the nose, throat, sinus;
- loss of ability to concentration;
- the lag in development.
Pinworms often affect children, are small round worms that cause such diseases as helminthiasis. Infection occurs through the clothing, toys, wool, cats and in General any object, which was touched by the child.
Viable pinworms can survive for long outside the body of the carrier, you can destroy them with just boiling water, direct sunlight and special chemicals. Eggs of worms enter the body oral route, the larvae emerge in the intestine. It causes itching in the child.
After the patient scratches, the eggs get under the nails and from there to surrounding objects. Severe itching causes restless sleep, anxiety in a child. There has been a dramatic loss of body weight and its a bad set. Have psychological problems: fatigue, moodiness, educational backwardness, violations of memory and attention.
If the worms get into the urethra can present with enuresis. The girls inflamed external genitalia, fallopian tubes, the area of the uterus. With the deployment of helminths in the intestine, there are problems with the gastrointestinal tract, acute appendicitis, pain in the small intestine.
Medicines against worms
There are a variety of drugs against helminths. What you need to take pills against worms to humans? A tablet from worms to humans are different, both on the body and different types of worms. Modern medicines against worms are harmless and effective, but nonetheless, to start treatment is not recommended, even if the instruction to the drug carefully studied by you.
Only a doctor can determine the exact species of worms and to choose the most appropriate tool against this disease. Folk remedies for worms also have a good effect on the worms. Of these agents against parasites patients can be given garlic, pumpkin seeds, oils, herbal extracts.
Biology there are about 80 species of parasitic organisms that affect the human inside. Children are more susceptible to worms. Developed ten funds from worms for the kids, they all have the form of tablets. They have some contraindications: it is forbidden to take these drugs during pregnancy, lactation, during menstruation, infection with viruses during infection.
Each type of worms is its sensitivity to certain drugs, so you can give medications only defining who specifically infected people. All species of helminths are divided into three groups:
In addition to the features of the worm, which takes into account the individual characteristics of the patient: age, condition. It affects not only the type of medication, but its dosage and procedure of admission. All this is necessary in order to conduct the most comprehensive treatment and to get rid of parasites. Of course, you can give and drugs of wide spectrum of action against parasites, but in this case the result is not as fast.
Medication against hookworms and roundworms
This group of creatures include Ascaris, whipworm and some other species that live in the intestines of children, rarely in adults. Roundworm use suspension, chewable means of worms for children. Usage instructions for different drugs against intestinal and other parasites.
Pills for flat worms
This type of parasites are liver and lung flukes, Chinese Fluke, Fluke of cats. These creatures also are called flukes.
Terms of taking the pills
It is important to note that all drugs against helminths have an effect only on adults, and to devastating effects on eggs and larvae of the parasites a sufficiently powerful medium not yet invented. If the child was infected with worms or other round worms, the infestation can occur again. To avoid this, after treatment, need to re-take the course in a few weeks. To removing worms was successful after taking the pills, the child should put a laxative and an enema.
Remember that all pills for worms for children to drink only after doctor's recommendation, as they have toxic effect, it is necessary to follow the dosage and perhaps to go to the hospital to monitor the patient's condition. Instruction to medicines will help to determine the correct amount to receive – usually one tablet from worms to humans in the day. Folk remedies for worms can be given independently, in any dose.
Medication for the prevention of helminthiasis
If one of the family members, and even one of the domestic cats, found worms, be sure all need to take a prophylactic course of certain drugs. Often scraping on the bot not give a positive result, even with the obvious infection, but the infection is quickly. It is important to know what are the ways of infection with worms. Patient zero reports of helminth eggs using household items, door handles, coat, bed, and clothes. As prophylaxis it may be healthy while a member of the family drugs of broad spectrum.
Not all doctors are in favour of taking the pills in order to prevent, as the use of drugs wasted is an extra burden on the body. It's best just to enforce the rules of hygiene, including intimate wash hands thoroughly after visiting the toilet and before eating. Need daily to change sheets in the morning. You need to carefully monitor the health of domestic cats and dogs.
Medication, you must be careful, as with any tablet from worms to humans toxic. Especially need to be careful when taking medicines for worms for children, as children's body products work more actively and influence more seriously, the statement to medications should be carefully studied. Can be eaten useful in helminthiasis products: garlic and pumpkin seeds.
To the seventh year of life children are not too carefully watch their personal hygiene, therefore, it could be infected. If a child has had nausea, abdominal pain, tooth in the anus, you need to go to the pediatrician three times and to spend scraping for worms. Some doctors recommend giving children of preschool age means every six months for the prevention of helminth infection.
Indications for receiving funds against worms to prevent:
- the presence of animals at home especially cats and dogs;
- frequent contact with the ground;
- a permanent stay of the child in a closed group, for example, kindergarten;
- regular visits to foreign resorts;
- the presence of such a hobby, beach sports, hunting, fishing.
You can be infected with worms at any time, including during pregnancy. Manual to any tool is said to give the patient medication in this case is strictly prohibited due to their toxicity and teratogenic effects that can harm the fetus more than the actual parasite. Starting from the second trimester, you can carefully start to give the most safe kinds of medicines, but only after consultation with your doctor. It is not necessary to worry about pinworms and other worms, they are in the body not more than two weeks.
Except for the period of carrying a child, extreme caution should be taking the tablets against worms to babies during the lactation period, for various diseases: agranulocytosis, violations of the liver, kidneys and bone marrow. Very sensitive to toxic drugs children under one year, you need to carefully monitor their response to treatment. If allergies should immediately consult with a doctor and change the pills taken on the other. It is advisable not to allow cats to babies, how animals carry helminth eggs.