Worms cause a person symptoms that can resemble a variety of diseases. To detect them in the body at home is not easy. The worms enter the intestines, the cavity of internal organs and tissues, causing pathological changes in them. Signs of worms in humans, especially if they live outside the gastrointestinal tract does not always indicate infection. The diagnosis must be confirmed by laboratory test results that are appointed after prior consultation specialist. Based on these findings, select a suitable treatment for parasites in the human body.
The symptoms of worms in adult depend on the type of worm, its localization and stage of the lesion (acute or chronic infestation). For example, to detect parasites in the intestine is easier than in other organs.
Danger to humans are the following types of worms:
- Nematodes (filarias, onchocerca, ascarids, pinworms, vlasoglav, hookworms, Guinea worm).
- Cestodes (Echinococcus, dwarf, pig, bovine capni).
- Trematodes (Fasciola, opisthorchis, Schistosoma, lung flukes).
The presence of parasites in the human body leads to diseases of various organs. On the basis of this lesson is widely classified as follows:
- Intestinal. This helminthiasis is the most common. In this case, the parasitic worms can get to different sections of the intestine and begin to develop actively. Some types of worms, reaching puberty, can multiply.
- Fabric. Worms in humans, can penetrate through the bowel wall and spread throughout the body, causing lesions of any organ. Parasites can be detected in heart, muscle, brain, liver, gall bladder, eyes, respiratory system.
Patient age also affects how to detect parasites in the body. So, in children the presence of the worms causes symptoms with a more severe clinical picture. This helps to detect worms at an early stage of implementation and to carry out the treatment. Signs of parasites in the human body in adulthood difficult to discern. The presence of acquired chronic disease sometimes makes it difficult to establish the true causes of illness.
The helminthiasis in the acute phase
After contact with eggs or larvae, signs of worms in adults do not appear immediately, for example, 3-5 days with ascariasis or 6-16 months in filariasis.
Symptoms of parasites in the body, characteristic of the acute phase of helminth infections:
- Swollen lymph nodes.
- Upset chair.
- Rashes on the skin.
- Inflammation in the upper respiratory tract.
- Enlargement of the liver and spleen.
- Inflammation of the meninges.
Symptoms when adult worms, which are accompanied by migration of the larvae of some species, it is expressed by pain in the chest. Which move through the bronchi small roundworms cause asthma.
The helminthiasis in the chronic phase
Signs of infection in the later period is directly dependent on the number of individuals that are in the body, and the area of their localization. Most often it is the digestion and absorption of what is increasingly reduced body mass, phenomena of dyspepsia (nausea, vomiting). Symptoms of worms in humans in the chronic stage (lethargy, fatigue, headaches) is largely due to the toxic poisoning of the body – the release of metabolic products of the parasite.
Characteristic for a certain type of helminthiasis symptoms will also be the answer to the question of how to know if you have parasites in the body. For example, while strongyloidiasis and filariasis remain allergic reactions in the form of swelling and skin rashes. When echinococcosis they become especially severe, even leading to anaphylactic shock.
Signs of parasites in the biliary tract is abdominal pain in the upper and upper quadrant on the right. Hookworm rich development of iron deficiency anemia. Difillobotrioz leads to macrocytic hyperchromic anemia and gastric achylia.
The most difficult lesson echinococcosis, alveococcosis, cysticercosis, paragonimiasis. Due to the presence of worms, affects almost all body systems. For these helminths characterized by a highly varied and severe manifestations.
Complications of infestation
Helminthiasis is associated with chronic immune response that leads to increased sensitivity to other infections, such as tuberculosis, HIV, malaria. Without treatment of worms and parasites of the following issues:
- The development of chronic diseases.
- Violation of assimilation of nutrients.
- Violations of cognitive functions.
Which are parasitic helminth in the body violates the integrity of the walls of the internal organs. Having microtrauma, resulting in the development of bacterial infection. If you are not being treated against parasites, it leads to inflammatory processes in the affected organ and its related complications.
Lack of nutrients leads to stunted growth, anemia. Worms in adults and children compete with their hosts for food. But the breakdown of nutrient absorption is more of a result of damage to the intestinal mucosa, or more subtle changes such as chemical imbalances and changes in the intestinal flora. In addition, the worms secrete enzymes to protect against the digestive process. This can disrupt the decay of other nutrients. One of the symptoms of worm infestation are diarrhea – leads to the fact that the food lingers in the intestines. Therefore, the uptake of nutrients deteriorates.
Nutrient deficiency due to the presence of parasites in the human body affects cognitive function. This is due to a decrease in strength, decrease in academic performance, apathy, irritability and fatigue.
How to identify worms?
It is not necessary to puzzle over how to understand that you have tapeworm. Given such a multifaceted clinical picture of helminthiasis, the most sensible thing is not to delay the visit to the doctor. An experienced specialist knows how to identify the signs of infestation. For example, the presence of pinworms can be detected on the complaint of the patient to an unpleasant itching in the anus.
But sometimes even a careful study of the history of the disease, including characteristic symptoms in adults, does not allow to immediately identify the bot. Modern medicine offers effective tools of diagnosis. They will be the solution how to find out if worms in humans, even at the earliest stages. It is crucial to detect the presence of worms, to prevent complications associated with their activity.
Signs of parasites in humans can confirm or refute the research of the following types of biological material:
- Rectal mucus.
- Samples from the duodenum.
- Muscle tissue.
At the onset of signs and symptoms of worms in humans, need to be examined. To put a diagnosis on their own, and even more so to be treated, it is impossible.
How you get rid of parasites?
Treatment for worms is a whole complex of measures. The strategy depends on the type of helminth, stages of infection, possible complications. When detected at an early stage cleansing of parasites is carried out by drugs on the individual scheme, taking into account contraindications to the medication. In appointing the drug taking into account the peculiarities of the intolerance to the components, chronic diseases in anamnesis that can affect severity of side effects.
Treatment for parasites with medication, drugs are prescribed with caution to breast-feeding and pregnant women, as well as in acute viral disease, when the immune system is weakened.
In mild cases, therapy is single dose de-vermis medication. In complex situations, the treatment lasts more than 2 weeks. The cleaning efficiency of the body depends on the correct calculation of dosage and compliance with the requirements and recommendations of the doctor.
With the development of complications, treatment at home is not enough, and the bot requires surgical intervention, for example:
- When necrosis of the intestine.
- If parasitic worms led to intestinal obstruction.
- If developed atrophy of the brain.
- In abscess of the liver.
- If the worms in adults struck eyes.
- In the case of formation and rupture of the cysts (with echinococcosis).
Before you get rid of parasites in the human body through surgery, the patient can be assigned to medication. This should improve the effectiveness of treatment and improve prognosis.
Cleansing the body of parasites is carried out using drugs that either cause paralysis of the worms, or interfere in the life processes of the worms. In both cases, the worms in humans are a result of obezdwijivanie, can't eat and soon die.
Pharmaceutical medications for worms are classified according to spectrum of activity:
- Narrow. These drugs are designed for treating worms of a particular kind. These pills have a low toxic effect on the body.
- Wide. This medicine is effective in mixed worm infections. Taking it can get rid of worms of different types.
Given the degree of damage and symptoms the presence of parasites, your doctor may prescribe a complex method. The combined intake of multiple drugs simultaneously is a solution of the problem, how you get rid of worms in humans and to eliminate the effects of their parasitic activity.
Most drugs destroy the adults and do not affect larvae and eggs. How to get rid of worms in this case? A specialist is likely to prescribe a second cleansing the body from parasites. After 10-14 days, take preventive medication. A method of treatment of worms and alleviate symptoms in adults will help to prevent reinvasion (re-infection).
Nutrition and diet
In the treatment of parasites in the human body diet appointed. Experts recommend to give up during therapy from products that worms are "like": sweets, meat, pastries, fatty food, starch.
Treatment of worms it would be much better if to pass to sparing diet. It is desirable to include in the diet dairy products, greens and vegetables, cereals, nuts, seeds, vegetable oil.
Those who are not interested in how to get rid of parasites in the body medication for fear of the toxic effects of drugs, are turning to natural remedies. But first you have to check if there are contraindications to such therapy. To learn how to treat worms with the help of plants, herbs, spices, roots at home, you need to consult a specialist-a naturopathic medicus.
To eliminate the parasitic disease, apply the following tools:
The people from old times know how to cleanse the body of parasites using tansy. Grass toxic component called thujone. Welcome tansy even in small doses will help bring worms. My method has a lot of contraindications. Overdose provokes not only the withdrawal of parasites from the body, but negative consequences such as vomiting and hallucinations.
How to treat worms with stinging nettles? You need to chop the leaves, measure out a tablespoon without top and pour a glass of boiling water. To insist 1 hour. Take 4-5 tbsp morning and evening. This cleansing infusion can be given to children older than 7 years, reducing the dose 2 times.
There are many ways to clean the body with the help of garlic. This vegetable has anti-viral, anti-microbial and de-vermis action. Cleaning of parasites using garlic will help rid your body of worms of different types.
Homeopaths know how to get rid of the worms, applying horseradish. The grated root is used as a seasoning, add it to cooked dishes, and from it is prepared the alcoholic tincture.
Ginger is another way to solve the issue how you get rid of parasites from the body. Within 2 weeks you need to add 1/2 teaspoon of grated root in a tea or prepared meals. Cleaning of ginger do not develop to larvae of parasites and expels the adults.
Not to think, how to get parasites from the human body, you should try to prevent helminthiasis. Doctors advise to observe some simple preventive measures. With their help, and treatment for worms in adults and children will be more effective if it required.
Protects against the invasion of parasites the following rules:
- To boil drinking water.
- Thoroughly wash the vegetables, herbs and fruits before eating.
- To expose meat and fish products are long thermal processing.
- To iron underwear and bed linen.
- Do not swim in unfamiliar waters wild.
- Wear protective gloves when working in the garden and the vegetable garden.
- Regularly to do damp cleaning with disinfectants.
- Equip window protective grids (worms adult or child can be transmitted through the bites of blood-sucking insects).
- Travel to exotic countries to be careful with food and water.
If signs of associated with helminthic infestation, you need to consult a doctor. He will give advice about the symptoms and treatment for parasite in the human body. An integrated approach and the implementation of the recommendations of the specialist will effectively get rid of "illegal aliens".