The disease became known to physicians recently, the first case of registration of the disease was in the mid-20th century. For many years the disease was not considered dangerous to human health as the parasites that cause it in the human body, did not survive to the adult stage, but as it turned out later, the larvae were also able to exert negative effects. To date, diagnosis of the parasite and its treatment are quite successful.
About the disease and its causes
It is known that the first case of the disease parasite has been registered in the Netherlands. Also infections are very common in Norway, Denmark, great Britain on the territory of Russia in the regions which are known for rich catches of fish. The disease is widespread in Asia.
Despite the fact that today the treatment of a person from the parasite is quite successful, consider that the infection they face in most cases, those people who often eat seafood and fish raw or undercooked, slightly salted.
In medical references, the parasite appears as a parasitic disease caused by helminths. Pathogenic effects of this family of worms has on the gastrointestinal tract.
The man often uses in food, such as sushi, the question may arise, how to get rid of parasites. Make the decision on the appointment of certain drugs needs specialist analyses, self-medicate in this case, to do is very dangerous.
The disease is larvae. Adult parasites reach a length not exceeding 65 mm, the shape of their body is fusiform, the head end of their ends with lips to the amount of three pieces.
The larvae of the parasite is quite hardy and are killed only at a temperature of 60 degrees and then for 10 minutes. At minus 18, they are dying after 2 weeks at -30 for 10 minutes.
The main hosts of these parasites are sea dwellers, whales, seals, dolphins and seals, sharks and stingrays. Sometimes birds that ate contaminated fish, such as pelicans or herons. Only in the body of these animals are parasitic adult worms.
Intermediate hosts of these worms can be other types of fish as well as people. Treatment of the parasite in man should be required, as without the timely intervention of medicine can be fatal.
Larvae caught in the human body after been consumed in eating raw fish infected, penetrate into the digestive tract. The duration of the disease can last up to 3 months.
Due to the activity of the larvae of worms in the body there are the following negative changes:
- Damage to mucous membranes of internal organs, ulcers, swelling, bleeding.
- Poisoning of the body with the excrement of the larvae, the occurrence of allergies, rashes, itching, swelling, bronchospasm.
Do not look for the answer to the question of how to treat parasites on your own at home, this disease requires professional help.
The signs of the disease observed in humans in a couple of weeks after infection. Patients experience the following unpleasant consequences of the disease:
- Pain in the stomach.
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Urticaria, swelling.
- The increase in temperature.
- Sore throat, cough.
- Change of chair.
The disease is different, some people is quite easy, and others have really bad. In any case, treatment of parasites with drugs.
Diagnosis and treatment of disease
Diagnosis in this disease is quite heavy and consists of a set of actions. The first thing the doctor asks the patient about whether he used food salted or raw fish. On asking about the nature of pain, which are very similar to other diseases that are not related to parasites. Then tests are performed.
Larvae and eggs of worms not usually found in the feces and vomit of the patient. With EGD revealed edema of mucosal tissues, and erosion. Blood tests also differ from the normal parameters.
In difficult cases, surgical intervention, if necessary resection of the stomach or intestines.
Upon detection of symptoms of the parasite in human, a surgical intervention, especially when the complications that arose, for example, appendicitis, intestinal obstruction. During the operation the larvae are removed endoscopes. But in this treatment the doctor needs to be very careful and remove all the parasites, as even if the human body will only the head end of the larvae, and he is capable of parasitism.
Another treatment of the symptoms of the parasite has been carried out using medications that are taken courses and have a beneficial therapeutic effect.
It should be noted that surgical treatment only if complications caused by parasites, confirmed. In other cases, with timely treatment to the doctor enough intake of medicines.
The key methods of preventing parasites is the observance of rules of food, namely cooking fish and seafood and their heat treatment. The abandonment of the national dishes of the countries where fish and seafood used in a half-baked form.
When buying fish you should also follow some rules, for example, to withstand freezing for five days at minus 20 degrees, and at minus 18 within two weeks. To cook the fish you want at 80 degrees for 20 minutes, this leads to the death of larvae.
You should also not forget that fish need a separate knife and Board, which will prepare the other products. In the preparation of fish and after the cooking process, you need to wash your hands thoroughly.
Very you must be attentive to the fishermen and fish it is recommended to cut the gloves at once, carefully examining her insides for worms.
Doctors recommend to be especially careful during pregnancy, as the medication can badly affect the development of the child and the presence of parasites in the body is also dangerous for your baby, so during pregnancy it is better to eat dishes made from raw fish and seafood.
Parasites that cause allergies
Allergy worms are a very common disease in children and adults. Parasites that cause allergies, penetrate into the body in different ways. In this article you will learn what parasites cause allergies.
Changes in the tests: Allergy or worms
Successful treatment of any disease in the first place depends on the right diagnosis. But it often happens that a completely different pathology to cause such changes in the analyses. One such notable example is eosinophilia in the clinical analysis of blood, which can occur in allergic diseases, and when infected by worms.
Parasites can disrupt the normal permeability of the intestinal mucosa, which increases the risk of the ingress of large particles of food. It activates the body's immune response — increased level of eosinophils — protective blood cells in our body that promote allergic reactions.
Parasites cause increased the body's production of immunoglobulin E, which increases allergic reactions.
Parasitic allergen is the strongest of all allergens of parasitic origin. It causes a reaction in the lungs, the skin, conjunctiva, in the gastrointestinal tract.
In addition, provoke an allergic reaction with their presence pinworm, Trichinella, Strongyloides, Giardia, Candida, etc.
Uninvited guests — parasites
In the body healthy adult parasites will find a few protective barriers. In the mouth has enzymes that are destructive to the eggs of worms. If they break through the first barrier, they stop the aggressive acidic environment of the stomach. And local immunity of the intestine to produce antibodies, will destroy the most persistent representatives. In children — not yet fully formed — the body, these protective barriers can fail, as in the weakened body of an adult.
The future career of worms depends on the type of pathogen. For example, a worm parasite in the intestine. But first, the path passes through the blood vessels, liver, bronchi and lungs, causing the corresponding symptoms. Then the worms through the respiratory tract fall into the mouth, swallowed again, and only then develop in the intestine in adults, a permanent place of residence. Here begins the reproduction. A day female roundworm can lay up to 25,000 eggs.
Clinical manifestations of helminthiasis is more pronounced in children than in adults. Using for its development nutrients and also breaking their absorption in the intestines and poisoning the child's body by metabolic products of the worms adversely affect the health of the child. Cheerful and active baby may become lethargic and Moody. He gets tired quickly, have an allergic reaction, including skin, such as rash, hives, redness and irritation.
Doctors-allergists say that more than half of all allergic reactions is the result of an existing or once endured helminthiasis. Parasites negatively affect the body's defenses, and this leads to decrease in immunity, which in turn leads to rapid acute respiratory and infectious diseases, prolongation and complication of their flow.
Parasites are divided into external and intestinal worms. As the name implies, in the first case, the worms and their larvae live in the gut, and the second outside it: in the muscles, lungs, liver and other organs. The bloodstream they can spread to any area of the human body and permanently settle there.
The most common intestinal diseases are considered to be: pinworms, ascariasis (roundworm) and toxocariasis.
What is eosinophilia
This is the name of the condition in which the blood increases dramatically the number of eosinophils. It is also observed infiltration or penetration of the parasites surrounding tissues. Eosinophils – a subspecies of white blood cells, white blood cells. They are responsible for many functions of the immune system, for example, have the ability to engulf foreign cells and particles.
In addition, they are actively involved in the allergic processes, binding or releasing histamine. It means they can stimulate the Allergy, and to perform the function of protection from allergies. Also eosinophils play an important role in protecting the body from parasites and worms, destroying their cells.
Accordingly, in Allergy and helminth infection the production of these cells in the bone marrow grows and develops a condition called eosinophilia. But the same duality of the functions of eosinophils may lead to diagnostic errors.
Eosinophilia is a symptom or a disease
Eosinophilia is not an independent disease. It is only a symptom of many allergic, infectious, autoimmune and other pathologies. The list of these diseases is quite wide, but persistent eosinophilia is often a symptom of parasitic lesions or allergic reactions.
The normal concentration of eosinophils in the blood of an adult ranges from 120 to 350 cells per microliter, which is about 5-6% of the total number of leukocytes. Allocate 3 degrees of eosinophilia:
- Minor – eosinophils make up 6-10% of the total number of leukocytes.
- Moderate – eosinophils make up 10-20% of the total number of leukocytes.
- High – eosinophils represent more than 20% of the total number of leukocytes.
What kind of allergic and parasitic diseases cause eosinophilia
- bronchial asthma (the eosinophils can be detected in the sputum of the patient);
- atopic dermatitis;
- hay fever;
- serum sickness;
- allergic rhinitis (in this case eosinophils are found even in nasal discharge);
- eosinophilic myositis and fasciitis;
- hay fever;
- eosinophilic colitis of the newborn;
- eosinophilic cystitis.
Clinical signs of this condition will depend on the disease that caused them. Parasitic lesions, in addition to increasing the content of eosinophils in the blood, characterized by:
- lymphadenopathy – increased and painful lymph nodes;
- hepatosplenomegaly – enlargement of the liver and spleen;
- symptoms of the General intoxication of the organism in the form of nausea, weakness, loss of appetite, headache and dizziness, increase in body temperature;
- pain in muscles and joints;
- when larval migration syndrome Leffler, which includes shortness of breath, chest pain and cough with an asthmatic component;
- increase heart rate;
- decrease in blood pressure;
- swelling on the eyelids and on the face;
- a rash on the skin.
Allergic diseases in which eosinophilia develops, manifest:
- edema of the nasal mucosa in allergic rhinitis;
- redness of the conjunctiva and pain in the eyes with allergic conjunctivitis;
- spasm of the bronchi, wheezing and whistling breathing in Allergy;
- sometimes the true asthma attacks;
- pain in ears and hearing loss due to poor drainage of the Eustachian tube due to swelling of tissues;
- various skin rashes, such as hives, eczema or contact dermatitis (often symmetrically on the elbow, stomach and groin);